MN06 Low Carbon Heat only boilers in Public Buildings in Mongolia

At a Glance

Strategic Outcomes SO1 Reduced GHG emission, SO4 Improved air quality
Start Date Q1  Jan 1 2019
End Date q4 Dec 31 2020
Funding Source Core
Actual Budget (USD) 94,044
Budget Percentage 80%
Actual Expenditure (USD) 74813
Status Complete
GGGI Share (USD) 94044
Poverty and Gender Policy Markers
Name of Client (Lead/Prime implementer if GGGI is part of a consortium) Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET)
Participating Organization (Funding/donor) Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET)
Name of consortium members, if any
Thematic Area
  • Sustainable Energy
GGGI Project Code : MN06
Project Manager and Staff +
Munkhbat Duusuren

Green Cities Officer, Mongolia Program

Annaka Marie Peterson

Country Representative, Mongolia

Tsolmon Namkhainyam

Officer- Energy Program (Mongolia)

Project Overview

Household stoves (216,807) and 3200 Heat Only Boilers (HOB) in ger districts of Ulaanbaatar city account for 80% of air pollution; over 400,000 vehicles account for 10%; 5-6% by combined heat and power (CHP) and 4% by ash ponds and dusty ground base as of 2015 reported by the GoM. Total coal consumption for cooking and heating is approximately 2.84M tons per year in Mongolia, where HOBs contribute 2.0M tons (as of 2015). This represents almost 20% of the country’s coal consumption.

The GoM aims to increase the share of renewable energy in total capacity of energy production by 20% by 2020 and 30% by 2030. However, due to a number of economic, policy and technical barriers, the use of the renewable energy for heating is still immature in the country.

Findings and recommendations from the business case study carried out by GGGI at the 122nd Public School in Songinokhairkhan district demonstrated that replacing current coal-fired HOBs with a blend of renewable and non-renewable sources is technically viable and needs to be financially encouraged. Using ground source heat pumps in combination with electric boilers can be technically reliable and if total lifecycle costs of the investment are considered, financially viable, taking into consideration current heating subsides provided by the government to off-grid public buildings. The project objective is to raise finance for a pilot RE project for school #122 and develop a investment barrier analysis for scaling-up the use of low carbon technologies in replacing coal-operated heat only boilers. This project is aligned with IO2. Increased green growth investment flows which enable partner governments to implement green growth policies.





Project Results

Impact: Air pollution and GHG emissions from HoBs reduced

Outcome:  Raise finance for a pilot RE project for school #122 and develop a barrier analysis  for investment in low carbon technologies in replacing coal-operated heat only boilers.

Project Outputs completed in 2020:

i. Green Investments: 

  • A tool for assessing costs and benefits of clean technologies to help MET assess the benefits of new technologies piloted.

ii. Capacity Building and Knowledge Products:  

  • Total of 1 capacity building activity in the form of National forum co-organized with MET and UNICEF.